Thursday, June 4, 2015

TESOL Teaching Vocabulary and Grammar Online Course Week 1

TESOL Teaching Vocabulary and Grammar Online Course Week 1

My Posts:
This article covers some of the approaches to vocabulary teaching and different tech tools that use those approaches.  I am especially interested in learning more about how to help students use mnemonics and spaced repetition.  An online tool (with an app) that I learned of this past year (and shared with classmates in another TESOL online teaching certification course) is Memrise, which, like Quizlet, uses Flashcards, spaced repetition, and “mems” (not memes) – images students can upload themselves to serve as mnemonics / personalized memory/connection aides.  Although I haven’t had a chance to use the app with students or create a course yet, the app looks interesting, is based on brain/memory research, and could be a good tool for vocabulary learning.  I’ll definitely check out the other plentiful tools listed in the article.

I love to use dictogloss (which was called “dictocomp” in the course in my graduate program when I first learned of it) with intermediate and advanced ESL students to get them to practice the target grammar they have been studying – as well as paraphrasing skills. For lower levels, I usually use a fun type of running dictation – team-based competition. They love it!
I have modified how I do dictogloss, from the way it is described in the article, however, but using images to help students understand and remember the text / story they hear and to practice note-taking.  What I do is prepare a slideshow (PowerPoint) with images, and print the slides on one page.  Students listen and jot down key words (nouns, verbs).  Then they partner up and do a “structured retell” using the target grammar and the images, in order to incorporate speaking practice.  After that, they write a summary.  Their paragraphs provide me information on how well they grasped the grammar and are able to use it.
I frequently also use video, as described in the article.  I recently experimented with a very easy to use app, Adobe Voice, to create a digital story for a dictogloss I use with intermediate students.  Therefore, I think dictogloss could definitely be transformed to an online activity by creating a voice-narrated PowerPoint, making a video, or just providing an audio file.  I can’t wait to try it!
All References for this course:
General Readings

Corpora4Learning. Tools & Websites

Critchley, M.P. (1998). Reading to Learn: Pedagogical Implications of Vocabulary ResearchThe Language Teacher, Dec. 98.

De Lima, D. (2014). Teaching Grammar as a Process. RichmondShare blog

Dalton, Bridget & Grisham, Dana L. (2011), eVoc Strategies: 10 Ways to Use Technology to Build Vocabulary. The Reading Teacher, 64: 306–317. doi: 10.1598/RT.64.5.1

Dilek Akpınar, K. & Bardakçı, M. (2015). The effect of grouping and presenting collocations on retention.  TESL-EJ, 18 (4).

Ghabanchi, Z., and Vosooghi, M. (2006). The Role of Explicit Contrastive Instruction in Learning Difficult L2 Grammatical Forms: A Cross-Linguistic Approach to Language AwarenessThe Reading Matrix, Volume 6, Number 1, April 2006.

Gonzalez, D. (2012). Review of TESOL Technology Standards: Description, implementation, integrationLanguage Learning & Technology. June 2012. Vol. 16. Number 2. (pp 31-34).

González, D. & St. Louis, R. (2013). Introducing Listening Skills in Basic English Online Courses (BEOC). On CALL. The Newsletter of the Computer Assisted Language Learning Interest Section. Summer Issue. July, 2013. 

Gonzalez, D. & St. Louis, R. (2012). Using technology for the creation of ESP materials. TESOL ESP News. December 2012,

González, D; St. Louis, R. (2012). Promoting Learner Autonomy with Web 2.0 Tools. In C. J. Everhard, J. Mynard, & R. Smith (Eds.), Autonomy in language learning: Opening a can of worms. pp. 238-247. IATEFL, Darwin College, U. of Kent, UK. Canterbury, Reino Unido. 2011. ISBN: 978-1-901095-32-6. Publicado como e-book.  (PDF versión)  

Gonzalez, D. & St. Louis, R. (2008). The use of Web 2.0 tools to promote learner autonomy . Independence, Spring 2008 (Issue 43)

Lamy, M-N. & Klarskov Mortensen, H. J. (2010). Using concordance programs in the Modern Foreign Languages classroom.Module 2.4 in Davies G. (ed.) Information and Communications Technology for Language Teachers (ICT4LT), Slough, Thames Valley University [Online]. [Accessed Sep 22, 2010].

Language Learning & Technology. (2010). Special Issue on Technology and Learning Vocabulary. Volume 14, Number 2, June 2010.

Leaney, C. (2012). Making the most of your dictionary. Cambridge Univerysity Press. PDF

Montero, M., Peters, E., Clarebout, G., & Desmet, P. (2014). Efects of captioning on video comprehension and incidental vocabulary learningLanguage Learning & Technology, 18 (1), pp. 118-141.

Morrison, S. (2002). Interactive Language Learning on the WebCAL, December 2002. (a .pdf is also available)

Natural Grammar online (includes activities)

Pérez Torres, M.I. (2003). Creating Materials Online with Free Teacher ToolsTESOL Spain- Newsletter,2003.

Perez-Llantada, C. (2009). Textual, genre and social features of spoken grammar: A corpus-based approachLanguage Learning & Technology, Volume 13, Number 1, pp. 40-58

Róg, T. (2012). Dictogloss – another approach to teaching grammar. English Language Teaching.The Teacher.

Sado Al-Jarf, R. (2005). The Effects of Online Grammar Instruction on Low Proficiency EFL College Students' Achievement Asian EFL Journal, Volume 7. Issue 4, Article 10.

Sahr, Sarah. (2011). Lesson Plan: The Joys of Dictation! TESOL Connections, May 2011. [by a former PP104 participant]

Sauro, Shanon. (2009). Computer-mediated corrective feedback and the development of L2 grammarLanguage Learning and Technology, February 2009, Volume 13, Number 1, pp. 96-120

Schackne, S. (200?). A Common Sense Approach: Vocabulary BuildingDeveloping

Schackne, S. (200?). A Common Sense Approach to Treating Error in L2 LearnersDeveloping

Smith, C.D. (2010). Teaching Reported Speech for Writing: A Game Approach. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. XVI, No. 3, March 2010.

Smith, S. (200? ). Teaching vocabulary and encouraging learner autonomyDeveloping

Thomas, J. (2003). Extending vocabulary knowledge with computersTeaching English with Technology. A Journal for Teachers of English, Vol. 3, Issue 2 (April 2003).

TESL-EJ (2007). The Current Status and Standards of English Grammar Teaching. (The whole issue is devoted to the teaching of Grammar.)

Thornbury, S. (2003). Teaching vocabulary using short textsAsian EFL Journal, Dec. 2003.

Thornbury, S. (2004). Starting out with words that 'glue' languageGuardian Weekly. Thursday, March 18, 2004.

Warrington, S. (2006). Building Automaticity of Word Recognition for Less Proficient ReadersThe Reading Matrix, Volume 6, Number 1, April 2006.

Wu, S. (2008). Effective Activities for Teaching English Idioms to EFL Learners. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. XIV, No. 3, March 2008.

Week 1 Readings

Austin, Laura (2011). 5 Tips for helping students to really learn vocabularyOUP, 16 Aug. 2011

Corbett, J. (n.d.). What is grammar and how should we teach it? Developing

De Lima, D. (2014). Teaching Grammar as a Process. RichmondShare blog

Diamond, L. & Gutlohn, L. (2006). Teaching VocabularyLD Online.

Gonzalez, D. & St. Louis, R. (2008). The use of Web 2.0 tools to promote learner autonomy . Independence, Spring 2008 (Issue 43)

Smith, S. (n.d). Teaching vocabulary and encouraging learner autonomyDeveloping

Róg, T. (2012). Dictogloss – another approach to teaching grammar. English Language Teaching.The Teacher.

Videos (Week 1)

Azar, B., Folse, K. & Swan, M. (2008). Teaching Grammar in Today's Classroom - Part 1 . 2008 TESOL Panel.

Azar, B., Folse, K. & Swan, M. (2008). Teaching Grammar in Today's Classroom - Part 2 . 2008 TESOL Panel.

Suggested readings from previous PP104

Articles about the use of cell phones for language teaching and learning:

Fortell (look for "Locating M-Learning in India")

A whole NYT Magazine dedicated to Education

Chunking (On Language)

And many more... just click the NYT Mag link :-)

Task-Based Instruction and Investigation
Olivia Lumbu, R.T. & Waller, T. A. (2010). Cooperation, communication, and critical thinking through content-based investigative tasks. In A. Shehadeh & C. Coombe (Eds.), Applications of Task-Based Learning in TESOL (pp. 35-47). Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. (TESOL).

Suggestions in PP104_jun2014 (from mods & participants)

App and a site that may help students.
The app is called Phrasal Verbs Machine and it's fun and useful. I just played around with it in my iPhone.

The site is Simple English Wikipedia. I haven't explored it, but it may be of interest.
"Topics are more accessible for ELLs and other struggling readers; the chance to create articles provides a novel activity for more advanced students." (direct link): "Simple English Wikipedia is an adapted version of the regular Wikipedia site for English learners, younger students, or anyone who struggles with reading. While the homepage looks very similar to the regular Wikipedia site, the articles are written using basic vocabulary and grammar"
7 Great Grammar Sites for Teachers and Students (Educational Technology and Mobile Learning, Jun. 2014)
A Wonderful Google Tip to Help Students Search for Materials Appropriate to Their Reading Levels (Educational Technology and Mobile Learning, May 2014) (I hope this may be helpful to Rebecca)
Evernote Clearly ("Create the perfect online reading experience by clearing away everything but the content")
Learn English (among other things, you can choose among given topics, pronounce sentences that are read out and then get scored for overall score, pronunciation and timing)
Dragon ("allows you to easily speak and instantly see your text or email messages. In fact, it’s up to five (5) times faster than typing on the keyboard")
Teacher Judy Sound Dictionary by Judy Thompson, a friend and co-founder of Radical English ("a solution for North American pronunciation. It goes both ways. People who can read/spell English look up how to pronounce words and people who have heard words can look up how to spell them")

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